The Upper Tana Natural Resources Management Project (UTaNRMP) carried out a baseline survey in the project area in order to establish the conditions at the start of project implementation. The Baseline information will be important in monitoring and evaluation as it will help to set key benchmarks for use in measuring the project's outputs, outcomes and impacts. The objectives of the baseline survey were to: i. Generate baseline information/data to assist in assessing the project area's situation at the beginning of the project ii. Set bench marks/indicators to inform the M&E function of the project and form a platform for assessing the impact of the project and other project surveys. iii. Provide comprehensive information for planning and decision-making besides providing benchmarks against which programme interventions will be assessed and will be a reference point when organizing other surveys. The survey took 12 weeks from March - May 2014 and was carried out by Kamfor Company Limited.